Balanço da Parceria Euro-Mediterrânica
De acordo com uma consulta a 371 especialistas e actores de 43 países do Mediterrâneo e da UE, o conflito israelo-palestiniano é um grande obstáculo para a Parceria Euro-Mediterrânica, com capacidade de paralisar este processo. Transcrevo abaixo um resumo das conclusões, retirado daqui. O documento “Assessment of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: Perceptions and Realities” pode ser lido aqui.
It terms of obstacles, the survey found a wide consensus on the difficulties posed by the Middle East conflict, with 73% saying it seriously endangered the Partnership. The two other obstacles most often mentioned are the weak political will for reform in Mediterranean Partner Countries (43% of respondents) and the lack of South-South integration (43%).
The survey also pointed to the problem of understanding of the Partnership: “14 years after its inception, the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership is diversifying into a set of differentiated thematic processes which are difficult to grasp even for experts and actors selected for the Survey,” the report said, pointing to the high percentage of “Don’t know” answers for many questions seeking a detailed assessment of concrete instruments or progress.
In many respects, it added however, this diversification was “a sign of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership migrating from the realm of diplomats and generalist civil society actors to the remit of specialized ministerial experts and civil society organizations and even interest groups.”
Indeed, a more detailed analysis of the Partnership by priority areas, reveals a relatively high appreciation of action in the cultural and education fields and the people-to-people programmes, but also that respondents consider that the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership is mainly benefiting the business climate and economic interests, but without this translating into job creation, women’s integration into economic life or a convergence towards EU income levels.
According to a synthesis of results, the Survey offers a clear picture of what has worked and what has not in the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.
– Business climate
– Multilateral programmes in the economic field (role of FEMIP and Medibtikar and Invest in Med Programmes)
– Increasing the awareness and understanding of the different cultures and civilizations
– Educational, cultural, youth and research exchanges (Euromed Heritage, Anna Lindh Foundation, Regional Informationa and Communication Programme, Euromed Youth, Gender Equality Programme)
– Programme on the Role of Women in Economic Life
– Enabling citizens to participate in decision-making at local level
– Sustainable development
– Strengthening financial cooperation
– South-South regional economic integration
– Reducing disparities in education achievement
– Cooperation in migration, justice and security
– Facilitating mobility and managing migration
Looking forward, respondents envisaged a bleak future dominated by the Middle East conflict, growing water shortages and social tensions, leading to increased irregular migration to Europe. Taking this into account, they set as top priorities for the Union for the Mediterranean:
– Conflict resolution in the region (62% of respondents)
– Promotion of democracy and political pluralism (49%)
– Water access and sustainability (41.5%)
– Education (41%)
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